Macro vs. Micro Sociology | Society residing in individuals We are generally good at analyzing reality as if to be outside us. This general capability implicates our sense of moral obligations and ethics.
Mapping out the human knowledge systems | The triadic model The world of objects The world saturated with norms, rules and other institutions (relationships with other human actors) The world of aesthetics, poetic intuition
Dreams for equilibrium and symmetry
Innate constraints | No one knows the absolute nothingness, thus, the very beginning of the world. We need contrasts to construct our perceptions, but no one knows the origins of entities that enable us to define the contrasts.
A Relational Ontology | Everything exists in relation to innumerable others. Understanding society is understanding relationships. Relationships come first, then individuals emerge from them.
Theories of co-construction of society Social constructivist/ cultural interpretivist theories
Structuration | Giddens
Logic of practice | Bourdieu
Critical Reflexivity | Problems of reflexivity Reflexivity is purely involuntary, thus, no one can prescribe when and to what to be reflexive. We need to a means to make ourselves tolerant about how to let the unknown remain unknown.
Words as actions How to interpret interpretations of others?
A variety of methods to analyze society by means of words/ texts | Discourse analysis Conversation analysis Narrative analysis
What is discourse? | If we see words as signs operating within consistent and coherent systems, ... Discourse is a sphere in which actions are being denoted in the form of text.